The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases define UTI or Urinary Tract Infection as an infection in the urinary tract. Urinary tract is an organ or drainage system of the body that remove wastes and extra water. On a urinary system, the organ included two kidneys, two ureters, a bladder and urethra. They are the linkages where the water passes through before urination. The cause of UTI is due to micro-organism such as bacterias, viruses or fungi that enters the urinary tract that cannot be removed rapidly and sometimes overcome the body’s natural defences. In 21st century, many attempt to discover the potential capabilities of cranberries in curing UTI. One example of published article in July 15, 2013 from McGill, a website promotes research, community outreach and newsworthy discoveries, for instance a research about “How cranberries impact infection-causing bacteria” . The researcher states the biological mechanisms by which cranberries may impart protective properties against urinary tract and other infections. Some of their findings of cranberry’s potential is to prevent bacterial colonization in medical devices such as catheters. It has been reported that cranberry powder can inhibit the ability of Proteus mirabilis, a bacterium often found in UTI. It is also reduce the bacteria’s production on urease, an enzyme that contributes to the virulence of infection.
Another published article from WebMD discussed “Cranberry Juice Fights Urinary Tract Infections Quickly” where this study shows cranberry juice works against bacteria within 8 hours. Drinking cranberry juice could help prevent bacteria from developing into an infection in the urinary tract. Despite of this studies, still many experts opposed against cranberries miraculous treatment against UTI. Cleveland Clinic posted a research that cranberries are not that effective. Dr. Coortenay Moore says, “But most of the studies have shown that juice and supplements don’t have enough of this active ingredient, A-type proanthocyanidins (PACs), to prevent bacteria from sticking to the urinary tract”. It concludes cranberry did not significantly reduce the occurrence of symptomatic UTI but cranberry juice may decrease the number of symptomatic UTIs over 12-month period in women with current UTIs. Likewise, some supplements are not regulated by FDA does not have the required ingredients for a product contain. Maybe these products don’t have enough active ingredient to be effective in preventing bacteria from sticking to the bladder wall. Also, Huffingtonpost.com published an article on July 26, 2011 and updated on September 25, 2011, a “Cranberries Aren’t The Magic Bullet For UTIs: Study”. A study in Europe that cranberry natural remedy is considerably less effective than low-dose antibiotics.
Urinary Tract Infection
Most people don’t take antibiotics for long period but antibiotic had been proven to be effective than cranberry. Cranberry could be effective to prevent infections but it results in more antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic resistance is a major concern where the microorganisms cause of UTI develop a resistance to antibiotics. The infections could be worst and difficult to treat. Nevertheless, scientists still searching for an alternative like cranberry to treat UTI but antibiotic is the most common remedy recommended by doctors to UTI patients. A study conducted where 221 premenopausal women who have more than two infections were randomized to receive 480 milligrams a day of the standard antibiotic treatment. A combination of the trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole or 500 milligrams twice a day of cranberry capsules. After one month of treatment, about 90% of the bacteria specimens collected from women in the antibiotics group. Low dose of cranberry were effective than cranberry supplements.
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