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Phosphorus Shortage May Cause Less Crop Production

In order to live, a man has to acquire these basic needs such as having a shelter, clothing, water and the most essential of all is food. In a way to be able to do our everyday tasks, to be healthy and to be productive we need to have energy. Energy that comes from what we eat.

Where do we get our food? Pre historic people basically lived only by hunting their food and not with what we know now, farming. No one can tell how exactly farming was discovered.

In 10,000 BC a land known as the FERTILE CRESCENT, farming began. Traveled in search for food, hunters began to gather wild grains they found growing in the area. It led them to farming by scattering the grains on the ground that grew more food.

It is also said that the cause of growth in population is because of the improvement in nutrition brought by farming. The population grew 30 times the number that lived before farming was present.

Farming had been a very great help to people around the globe. From being a source of food to creating jobs for those who works as farmers.

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An element widely known as a primary component surrounding plant cells and a material used by many successful farmers has been known as Phosphorus. It is derived from a Greek word “phosphoros” which means bringer of light. It was discovered by Hennig Brandt on 1669.

Phosphorus is a chemical element that comes in white and red .One of its largest use is in fertilizers, a common material used by farmers in growing their crops. It has been said that an improvement in crops in the mid-19th century was the main reason why farmers started their dependence to it.

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Due to its high reactivity, phosphorus is never a free element on earth. A study made by two researchers at the University of Bristol’s School of Chemistry, warns that because of the high demand of the said element in farming and other uses, it may not be able to support the expectation to double the demand by 2050.

A farmer casts urea fertilizer in a rice plantation on the expropriated and now redistributed farm of El Charcote in the central state of Cojedes October 14, 2010. El Charcote became a symbol of Chavez's socialist revolution when he sent soldiers to seize it in a 2005 push to break up major ranches and repopulate rural areas largely abandoned since Venezuela's oil industry took off in the 1920s. The government recently bought the last 500,000 acres (200,000 hectares) of land on the farm, a vast cattle ranch that until 2005 belonged to one of Britain's wealthiest families, the Vesteys, and 130,000 cattle, part of a new drive by Chavez to increase state control of food in South America's top oil producer. Picture taken October 14, 2010. REUTERS/Carlos Garcia Rawlins (VENEZUELA - Tags: POLITICS ENVIRONMENT AGRICULTURE IMAGES OF THE DAY)

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Charly Fardji and Marissa de Boer fears that the absence of phosphorus could lead in major environmental problems. There is no substitute to this and the best solution to this rising problem is the reduction of its uses in agricultural industry. Continuous problem may cause in decrease of crop production.

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REFERENCES: inhabitat, theconversation, cropnutrition

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